OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 49, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1959
  • pp: 654–666

Rapid Chromatic Adaptation of Normal and Dichromatic Observers


JOSA, Vol. 49, Issue 7, pp. 654-666 (1959)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1455 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A large number of spectral sensitivity curves has been obtained for three observers: a normal, a deuteranope, and a protanope, by means of a rapid chromatic adaptation technique. Sensitivity curves for several adapting luminances and colors have been obtained. It has proved possible to fit these data by summing three hypothetical underlying sensitivity functions which are applicable to all three observers. The analysis of the theoretical fits appears to be in support of the concept of protanopia as a lack of “red cones” and of deuteranopia as a fusion of the inputs from “red” and “green cones.” There is evidence that chromatic adaptation is not, however, as selective as the hypothetical underlying sensitivity functions require.

ROBERT M. BOYNTON, GILLRAY KANDEL, and JUDITH WHEELER ONLEY, "Rapid Chromatic Adaptation of Normal and Dichromatic Observers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 654-666 (1959)

Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. Y. Hsia and C. H. Graham, Proc. Natl. Acad. Soc. U. S. 43, 1011 (1957).
  2. W. S. Stiles and B. H. Crawford, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) B113, 496 (1933); W. S. Stiles, ibid. B133, 418 (1946); ibid. 58, 41 (1946).
  3. W. R. Bush, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 1047 (1955).
  4. R. M. Boynton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 172 (1956).
  5. H. von Schelling, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 106 (L) (1957).
  6. H. von Schelling, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 209 (1955).
  7. A. Fick, in Handbuch der Physiologie edited by L. Hermann (Vogel, Leipzig, 1879).
  8. R. M. Boynton and G. Kandel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 275 (1957).
  9. G. L. Walls, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 39, 8 (1955).
  10. Ragnar Granit, Sensory Mechanisms of the Retina (Oxford University Press, New York, 1947), Chap. 20.
  11. Henri Piéron, The Sensations (Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, 1952), pp. 142–162.
  12. See third reference under reference 2.
  13. E. Auerbach and G. Wald. Am. J. Opthalmol. 39, 24 (1955).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited