OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 52, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 1962
  • pp: 1402–1406

Effects of Stimulus Duration upon Spectral Sensitivity of the Human Electroretinogram

WILLIAM R. BIERSDORF and ALLEN M. GRANDA  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 52, Issue 12, pp. 1402-1406 (1962)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (558 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The effects of three stimulus durations on spectral sensitivity of the electroretinogram were examined under moderate light adaptation. The durations were 11, 42, and 109 msec. At a low criterion amplitude of response, the 11-msec duration showed lower sensitivity in the green and blue regions of the spectrum than the two longer durations. At the red end of the spectrum all curves showed elevated sensitivity of approximately equal amounts. For a moderate criterion amplitude, the curves for the various durations retained their relative positions at the shorter wavelengths. At the red end of the spectrum, sensitivity decreased for all durations, but to a greater amount for the two longer durations. For a high criterion response, the 11-msec duration became more sensitive throughout the spectrum; however, it retained a form similar to that for the tvo longer durations. The curves were presumed to include at least two components: a scotopic process and a red-sensitive process. Possible interpretations of the duration effects on the spectral curves included the Bunsen-Roscoe law and the summation of on- and off-responses.

WILLIAM R. BIERSDORF and ALLEN M. GRANDA, "Effects of Stimulus Duration upon Spectral Sensitivity of the Human Electroretinogram," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 1402-1406 (1962)

Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. H. W. Karn, J. Gen. Psychol. 114, 360 (1936).
  2. R. O. Rouse, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 626 (1952).
  3. C. H. Graham and R. Margaria, Am. J. Physiol. 113, 299 (1935).
  4. H. B. Barlow, J. Physiol. (London) 141, 337 (1958).
  5. C. H. Graham and E. H. Kemp. J. Gen. Physiol. 21, 635 (1938).
  6. W. R. Biersdorf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 920 (1955).
  7. R. M. Herrick, J. Comp. and Physiol. Psychol. 49, 437 (1956).
  8. M. A. Bills, Psychol. Monogr. 28 (No. 127), 1 (1920).
  9. C. E. Ferree and G. Rand, Am. J. Psychol. 35, 209 (1924).
  10. E. P. Johnson and N. R. Bartlett, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 167 (1956).
  11. M. Alpern and J. J. Faris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 845 (1956).
  12. W. R. Biersdorf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 412 (1958).
  13. K. Motokawva and T. Mita, Tohoku J. Exptl. Med. 42, 114 (1942).
  14. E. D. Adrian, J. Physiol. (London) 104, 84 (1945).
  15. J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 393 (1952).
  16. G. Schubert and H. Bornschein, Ophthalmologia 123, 396 (1952).
  17. E. P. Johnson, A.M.A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 60, 565 (1958).
  18. W. R. Biersdorf and J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 208 (1957).
  19. L. A. Riggs, Proc. Soc. Exptl. Biol. Med. 48, 204 (1941).
  20. H. Bornschein and R. D. Gunkel, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 42, 239 (Part II) (1956).
  21. J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49. 1169 (1959).
  22. W. Best and K. Bohnen, Arch. Ophthalmol. Graefe's 158, 568 (1957).
  23. J. Heck, Acta Physiol. Scand. 40, 113 (1957).
  24. C. I. Howarth, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 345 (1961).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited