OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 53, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1963
  • pp: 1286–1291

Temperature Dependence of the Refractive Index of Optical Maser Crystals

T. W. HOUSTON, L. F. JOHNSON, P. KISLIUK, and D. J. WALSH  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 53, Issue 11, pp. 1286-1291 (1963)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (623 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



This paper reports the index of refraction of CaWO4, CaF2, and BaF2 for wavelengths from 4350 to 18 460 Å and over the temperature range - 180°C to room temperature. Measurements are made on dilute ruby at 5461 Å from -180° to 70°C. The results are applied to an interpretation of the output frequency of solid-state optical masers.

T. W. HOUSTON, L. F. JOHNSON, P. KISLIUK, and D. J. WALSH, "Temperature Dependence of the Refractive Index of Optical Maser Crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 1286-1291 (1963)

Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. W. L. Bond (to be published).
  2. M. Barbaron, Ann. Phys. (Paris) 6, 899 (1951).
  3. R. A. McFarlane, "A Summary of Available Data on the Physical Properties of Synthetic Sapphire," Adolf Meller Company, Providence (1961) and private communication. However, there is some spread in the values quoted in the literature. See also the publication of the Linde Company, "Thermal Properties of Clear Sapphire" (February 1959).
  4. I. H. Malitson, F. V. Murphy, Jr., and W. S. Rodney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 72 (1958).
  5. G. N. Ramachandran, Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. 25A, 266 (1947).
  6. L. Prod'homme, Phys. Chem. Glasses 1, 119 (1960).
  7. L. Prod'homme, Rev. Opt. (France) 40, 407 (1961).
  8. F. Lukes, Czech. J. Phys. 10, 742 (1960).
  9. International Critical Tables (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1928), Vol. 3, p. 43.
  10. T. H. Maiman, R. H. Hoskins, I. J. D'Haenens, C. K. Asawa, and V. Evtuhof, Phys. Rev. 123, 1151 (1961).
  11. J. A. Ditzenberger (unpublished).
  12. M. Ciftan, A. Krutchkoff, and S. Koozekanani, Proc. IRE 50, 84 (1962).
  13. The coefficients of thermal expansion for CaWO4 are 7.9 × 10-6 (a axis) and 12.7× 10-6 (c axis). See K. Nassau and A. M. Broyer, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3064 (1962).
  14. L. F. Johnson and R. A. Thomas (unpublished).
  15. L. F. Johnson, Quantum Electronics Conference, Paris, 1963.
  16. D. Abella and H. Z. Cummins, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 1177 (1961).
  17. P. Kisliuk and W. S. Boyle, Proc. IRE 49, 1635 (1961).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited