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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 53, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1963
  • pp: 1286–1291

Temperature Dependence of the Refractive Index of Optical Maser Crystals

T. W. HOUSTON, L. F. JOHNSON, P. KISLIUK, and D. J. WALSH  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 53, Issue 11, pp. 1286-1291 (1963)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.53.001286


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Abstract

This paper reports the index of refraction of CaWO4, CaF2, and BaF2 for wavelengths from 4350 to 18 460 Å and over the temperature range - 180°C to room temperature. Measurements are made on dilute ruby at 5461 Å from -180° to 70°C. The results are applied to an interpretation of the output frequency of solid-state optical masers.

Citation
T. W. HOUSTON, L. F. JOHNSON, P. KISLIUK, and D. J. WALSH, "Temperature Dependence of the Refractive Index of Optical Maser Crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 1286-1291 (1963)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-53-11-1286


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References

  1. W. L. Bond (to be published).
  2. M. Barbaron, Ann. Phys. (Paris) 6, 899 (1951).
  3. R. A. McFarlane, "A Summary of Available Data on the Physical Properties of Synthetic Sapphire," Adolf Meller Company, Providence (1961) and private communication. However, there is some spread in the values quoted in the literature. See also the publication of the Linde Company, "Thermal Properties of Clear Sapphire" (February 1959).
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  11. J. A. Ditzenberger (unpublished).
  12. M. Ciftan, A. Krutchkoff, and S. Koozekanani, Proc. IRE 50, 84 (1962).
  13. The coefficients of thermal expansion for CaWO4 are 7.9 × 10-6 (a axis) and 12.7× 10-6 (c axis). See K. Nassau and A. M. Broyer, J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3064 (1962).
  14. L. F. Johnson and R. A. Thomas (unpublished).
  15. L. F. Johnson, Quantum Electronics Conference, Paris, 1963.
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  17. P. Kisliuk and W. S. Boyle, Proc. IRE 49, 1635 (1961).

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