OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 53, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 1963
  • pp: 734–740

Light Output Observations on Low-Pressure Mercury-Vapor Discharges

F. W. CRAWFORD and H. R. PAGELS  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 53, Issue 6, pp. 734-740 (1963)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.53.000734


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (877 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

As part of a program of work on low-frequency oscillations and fluctuations in mercury-vapor discharges at a pressure of about 1 µ Hg, observations have been made of the light output from a number of discharge tubes. Qualitative considerations suggested that the fixed or moving striations commonly encountered at rather higher pressures should not be present in our range of discharge parameters. Some independent experimental evidence, however, had indicated the presence of a series of moving striations. Under similar conditions we have been unable to observe this phenomenon which we ascribe to the unsuspected presence of impurities. These are known to have a profound influence on the production of striations. Some strong low-frequency fluctuation components were found to be excited, but these can be explained as electrostatic sound-wave modes. Further evidence on the unlikelihood of striations being present is adduced by observations of the decay of non-Maxwellian electron velocity groups generated at points in the discharge.

Citation
F. W. CRAWFORD and H. R. PAGELS, "Light Output Observations on Low-Pressure Mercury-Vapor Discharges," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 734-740 (1963)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-53-6-734


Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. F. W. Crawford, Microwave Laboratory Rept. No. 813, Stanford University (June 1961); Proc. Intern. Conf. Ionization Phenomena Gases, 5th Munich, 1961 I, 593 (1962).
  2. F. W. Crawford and G. S. Kino, Proc. IRE 49, 1767 (1961).
  3. J. J. Thomson and G. P. Thomson, Conduction of Electricity through Gases (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 1935), 3rd edition, Vol. II, pp. 380–417.
  4. G. Francis, Handbuch der Pysik (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1956), Vol. XXII, pp. 137–145.
  5. W. Pupp, Phys. Z. 33, 844 (1932); 35, 705 (1934); 36, 61 (1935); Z. Tech. Phys. 15, 257 (1934); G. H. Dieke, H. Y. Loh, and H. M. Crosswhite, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 185 (1946); H. Y. Loh and G. H. Dieke, ibid. 37, 837 (1947); T. Donahue and G. H. Dieke, Phys. Rev. 81, 248 (1951).
  6. R. L. F. Boyd and N. D. Twiddy, Nature 173, 633 (1954); Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A250, 53 (1959); A259, 145 (1960); N. D. Twiddy, ibid. A262, 379 (1961); J. B. Thompson, ibid. A262, 503, 519 (1961).
  7. A. L. Cullen and K. W. H. Foulds, Nature 169, 236 (1952). K. W. H. Foulds, Proc. IEE 102, Part C, 203 (1955); J. Electron Control 2, 270 (1956).
  8. E. B. Armstrong, K. G. Emeleus, and T. R. Neill, Proc. Roy. Irish Acad. A54, 291 (1951).
  9. P. F. Little, J. Nucl. Energy C4, 15 (1962).
  10. L. Tonks and I. Langmuir, Phys. Rev. 33, 195 (1929).
  11. I. Langmuir and H. Mott-Smith, Gen. Elec. Rev. 27, 449, 538, 616, 762, 810 (1924). H. Mott-Smith and I. Langmuir, Phys. Rev. 28, 727 (1926).
  12. R. M. Howe, J. Appl. Phys. 24, 881 (1953).
  13. I. Langmuir, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. 14, 627 (1928); J. H. Cahn, Phys. Rev. 75, 293 (1949); D. Gabor, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A213, 73 (1952); E. A. Ash and D. Gabor, ibid. A228, 477 (1955); D. Gabor, E. A. Ash, and D. Dracott, Nature 176, 916 (1955).
  14. E. I. Gordon, Ph.D. thesis, Physics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (January 1957).
  15. G. von Gierke, W. Ott, and F. Schwirzke, Proc. Intern. Conf. Ionization Phenomena Gases, 5th Munich 1961 II, 1412 (1962).
  16. M. J. Druyvesteyn, Z. Physik 64, 790 (1930).
  17. B. Klarfeld, J. Tech. Phys. U.S.S.R. 5, 924 (1938).
  18. J. D. Cobine and C. J. Gallagher, J. Franklin Inst. 243, 41 (1947).
  19. F. W. Crawford, G. S. Kino, S. A. Self, and J. Spalter, Microwave Laboratory Rept. No. 961, Stanford University (September 1962).
  20. F. W. Crawford and J. D. Lawson, J. Nucl. Energy C3, 179 (1961).
  21. F. W. Crawford, Phys. Rev. Letters 6, 663 (1961); I. Alexeff and R. V. Neidigh, Proc. Intern. Conf. Ionization Phenomena Gases, 5th Munich 1961 II, 1523 (1962); Phys. Rev. Letters 7, 223 (1961); R. Geller, Compt. Rend. 253, 1542 (1961).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited