OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 54, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 1964
  • pp: 301–305

Errors in Spectral Absorption Measurements Due to Absorbing Species in the Atmosphere

G. JORDAN MACLAY and HAROLD J. BABROV  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 54, Issue 3, pp. 301-305 (1964)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (744 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The accuracy of spectroscopic absorptance measurements can be seriously affected by the presence of absorbing species in the atmosphere anywhere in the optical train. The error is due to the band-pass nature of a monochromator, and therefore is just as severe when a double-beam spectrometer is used as when a single-beam spectrometer is used.

Using a method recently developed by Sakai for the calculation of the integrated absorptance of a pair of overlapping absorption lines, we have calculated the error in the measured integrated absorptance of a sample gas which contains H2O or CO2. The method used places no restrictions on the half-width or strength of either line. Factors have been derived for correcting the measured absorptance in a number of experimentally important cases. The calculated correction factors give results which are in good agreement with experiments made using a spectrometer in which the atmospheric H2O and CO2 were removed from the optical train.

G. JORDAN MACLAY and HAROLD J. BABROV, "Errors in Spectral Absorption Measurements Due to Absorbing Species in the Atmosphere," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 301-305 (1964)

Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. F. Paschen, Ann. Physik 50, 409 (1893).
  2. C. P. Courtoy, Can. J. Phys. 5, 608 (1957).
  3. W. M. Elsasser, Heat Transfer by Infrared Radiation in the Atmosphere (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1942).
  4. G. P. Kuiper, Astrophys. J. 106, 252 (1947).
  5. W. M. Sinton, Planets and Satellites (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1961).
  6. G. N. Plass, Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 95, 61 (1961).
  7. J. N. Howard, D. E. Burch, and D. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 186, 237, 242, 334, 452 (1956).
  8. H. J. Babrov and R. H. Tourin, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer 3, 17 (1963).
  9. G. J. Penzias, G. Jordan Maclay, and H. J. Babrov, NASA CR 1, "Final Report on Phase II of Contract NAS 3-1542," NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio (1962).
  10. D. E. Burch, D. Gryvanak, and D. Williams, AFCRL-255, Geophysics Research Directorate, Hanscom Field, Bedford, Massachusetts (1960).
  11. D. E. Burch and D. Gryvnak, Technical Report, Contract Nonr 3560(00) (1962).
  12. H. J. Babrov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 171 (1961).
  13. H. Sakai, Johns Hopkins University, Laboratory for Astrophysics and Meteorology, Progress Report, Contract Nonr 248(58) (1962).
  14. H. Sakai and F. Stauffer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 507 (1963).
  15. L. D. Kaplan and D. Eggers, J. Chem. Phys. 25, 876 (1956).
  16. R. Ladenburg and F. Reiche, Ann. Physik 42, 181 (1913).
  17. W. S. Benedict, R. Herman, G. E. Moore, and S. Silverman, Can. J. Phys. 34, 830 (1956).
  18. W. S. Benedict (private communication, 1963).
  19. R. H. Schwendeman and V. W. Laurie, Tables of Line Strengths for Rotational Transitions of Asymmetric Rotor Molecules (Pergamon Press, Inc., New York, 1958).
  20. W. S. Benedict and L. D. Kaplan, J. Chem. Phys. 30, 388 (1959).
  21. U. P. Oppenheim and Y. Ben-Aryeh, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 344 (1963).
  22. G. N. Plass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 690 (1958).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited