Since World War II the requirements of military security, space exploration, economic progress, medical advances, and assistance to underdeveloped nations have led to a rapid increase in the financial support of research and development. The increasing research program and the rapid growth in the enrollment in the colleges and universities have produced a rising demand for scientific personnel. In the field of optics this increased demand has been especially large because of new developments in optics and the consequent increase in the demand for optical specialists and optical engineers. Analysis of the supply and demand relationships in optics leads to the conclusion that special attention to this field is required and that there is a need for the development of new university programs which will increase the rate of training of optical specialists even more rapidly than that of other kinds of scientists and engineers.
RALPH A. SAWYER, "Optics and the Scientific Manpower Problem," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 442-442 (1964)