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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 55, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 1965
  • pp: 426–430

Collisional Transfer of Excitation Energy in Helium

ROBERT M. ST. JOHN and TSU-WEI NEE  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 55, Issue 4, pp. 426-430 (1965)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.55.000426


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Abstract

Recent absolute measurements of many helium excitation functions at low pressure and of the singlet and triplet D functions at several pressures have allowed an extension and upgrading of the multiple-state-transfer process.

Atoms excited to an n1P level are converted to a mixed singlet-triplet F state by an atomic collision. Low-lying singlet and triplet D levels are fed by the many F states thus populated.

Apparent excitation functions were computed by machine for the 33D, 43D, and 41D states and compared with the experimental excitation functions. The computed curves best match the experimental curves when it is assumed that: (a) the transfer cross section for the nth set of 1P-F states is proportional to n1 or n2, and (b) the 1F3 and 3F3 components of the mixed state are active in the transfer—cascade processes, while the 3F2, 4 states are inactive.

The energy is primarily transferred through n1P–nF sets of states with n ≤ 15.

Citation
ROBERT M. ST. JOHN and TSU-WEI NEE, "Collisional Transfer of Excitation Energy in Helium," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 426-430 (1965)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-55-4-426


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References

  1. E . Wigner, Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, Jahresber, Geschäftsjahr, 375 (1927).
  2. R. M. St. John and R. G. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 122, 1813 (1961).
  3. C. C. Lin and R. G. Fowler, Ann. Phys. (New York) 15, 461 (1961).
  4. C. C. Lin and R. M. St. John, Phys. Rev. 128, 1749 (1962).
  5. R. M. St. John, F. L. Miller, and C. C. Lin, Phys. Rev. 134, A888 (1964).
  6. A. V. Phelps, Phys. Rev. 110, 1362 (1958).
  7. A. H. Gabriel and D. W. O. Heddle, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A258, 124 (1960).
  8. H. S. W. Massey and C. B. O. Mohr, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A140, 613 (1933).
  9. The calculated curves for x = 3 and 4 lay between those of x = 2 and x = 5 for the 33D case, and for 43D, 41D, and 31D cases as well. Since the graphs of the functions for x = 1, 2, and 5 show the trend of the variation of the calculated excitation functions, the graphs of the functions for x = 3 and 4 are omitted for the sake of clarity of the figures.

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