Passage of far-ultraviolet radiation (1050-2000 Å) through the imperfect vacuum maintained by mechanical and oil-diffusion pumps results in the buildup of films opaque to far-uv radiation. Such films quickly coat lamp windows and other optical surfaces. The films can be removed by washing with petroleum ether or by exposure of affected surfaces to a hydrogen gas discharge. Transmittance vs time studies support the view that the films are produced from photodissociated vacuum-pump oil molecules. Passage of 2×10<sup>15</sup> photons cm<sup>-2</sup> through a 2.5-cm gap maintained at 10<sup>-4</sup> Torr pressure results in two films of 50% combined transmittance measured at about 1200 Å.
R. G. TAYLOR, T. A. CHUBB, and R. W. KREPLIN, "Transmission Diminution of Vacuum-Ultraviolet Lamp Windows," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1078-1080 (1965)