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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 57, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 1967
  • pp: 508–512

Low-Intensity Reciprocity Failure of a AgBr Emulsion: Effect of Halogen Acceptors

H. E. SPENCER and D. H. SHARES  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 57, Issue 4, pp. 508-512 (1967)

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Low-intensity reciprocity failure (LIRF) of a silver bromide emulsion was drastically reduced, but not eliminated, by the addition of a halogen acceptor, such as acetone semicarbazone, before coating. The remaining failure has a slope of approximately minus unity on an isodensity plot of log intensity vs log intensity × time. This is interpreted as exemplifying two types of LIRF, an intergranular type stopped by a sufficient amount of halogen acceptor, and an intragranular type caused by the thermal instability of a photolytically produced silver atom. A LIRF curve was also obtained in terms of the number of absorbed photons necessary to make a grain developable. These data suggest that considerable recombination occurs before nucleation of the latent image. The quantum efficiency of formation of print-out silver is 0.2 silver atom per absorbed photon. This value indicates that growth of the latent image after nucleation is efficient.

H. E. SPENCER and D. H. SHARES, "Low-Intensity Reciprocity Failure of a AgBr Emulsion: Effect of Halogen Acceptors," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 508-512 (1967)

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