OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 57, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1967
  • pp: 1091–1098

Pinhole Imagery

KAZUO SAYANAGI  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 57, Issue 9, pp. 1091-1098 (1967)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (907 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Pinhole imagery is discussed by using modulation transfer functions. The optimum condition between the size of the pinhole and the focus position is understood as the balance of the diffraction caused by the aperture size and the geometrical-optical aberration given by the aperture size and focus position. Field characteristics, chromatic characteristics and relations with receptor systems are discussed easily in the spatial-frequency domain.

KAZUO SAYANAGI, "Pinhole Imagery," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 1091-1098 (1967)

Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. H. Gernsheim, The History of Photography (Oxford University Press, New York, 1955), p. 1.
  2. J. Petzval, Wien Ber. XXVI, 33 (1857); Phil. Mag. XVII, 1 (1859).
  3. Lord Rayleigh, Phil. Mag. XXXI, 87 (1891); Sci. Paper Vol. I (Dover Publications, New York, 1965), p. 513.
  4. E. W. H. Selwyn, Phot. Z. 90B, 47 (1950).
  5. For example, A. C. Hardy and F. H. Perrin, The Principles of Optics (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1932), p. 124.
  6. For example, R. W. Wood, Physical Optics (Macmillan Company, New York, 1934), 3rd ed., p. 270.
  7. For example, J. M. Stone, Radiation and Optics (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1963), p. 204.
  8. For example, R. Kingslake, lenses in Photography (A. S. Barnes and Company, Inc., New York, 1963), Rev. ed., p. 60.
  9. For example, J. Flügge, Das Photographische Objektiv (Springer-Verlag, Wien, 1955), p. 8.
  10. W. Merte, R. Richter, and M. V. Rohr, Das Photographische Objektiv (Verlag von Julius Springer, Wien, 1932), p. 17.
  11. A. H. Gallas, C. A. Gilbert, and A. B. Hitterdal, J. Soc. Motion Picture Television Engrs. 74, 321 (1965). P. A. Newman and V. E. Rible, Appl. Opt. 5, 1225 (1966).
  12. H. H. Hopkins, Prec. Phys. Soc. (London) A23l, 91 (1955).
  13. W. H. Steel, Opt. Acta 3, 65 (1956).
  14. K. Sayanagi, Oyo Butsuri 25, 193 (1956).
  15. K. Strehl, Z. Instrumentenk. 15, 362 (1895).
  16. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon Press, Inc., New York, 1965), 3rd ed., p. 440 and 441.
  17. H. H. Hopkins, Wave Theory of Aberration (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1950), p. 16.
  18. Assuming that the spread function is the uniform disk.
  19. H. H. Hopkins, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A231, 91 (1955).
  20. H. H. Hopkins, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) B70, 449 (1957).
  21. H. J. Zweig, G. C. Higgins, and D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 926 (1958).
  22. R. C. Jones, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1159 (1961).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited