Interference fringes produced by the superposition of light beams from two independent lasers have been investigated under conditions where the light flux was so low that one photon was usually received at the detector before the next one was emitted by one or the other source. Because the average number of photons detected in each observation was only about 10, a photon correlation technique wvas used to demonstrate the presence of interference fringes. The measurement procedure was automated, and this led to much greater statistical accuracy than was previously reported. The effect of varying the observation time and the number of interference fringes sampled was investigated, and found to be in good agreement with theory.
R. L. PFLEEGOR and L. MANDEL, "Further Experiments on Interference of Independent Photon Beams at Low Light Levels," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 946-950 (1968)