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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 59, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1969
  • pp: 624–625

Visibility of Colors Underwater Using Artificial Illumination

JO ANN S. KINNEY, S. M. LURIA, and DONALD O. WEITZMAN  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 59, Issue 5, pp. 624-625 (1969)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.59.000624


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Abstract

The visibility of various colors underwater with artificial illumination has been measured in three different bodies of water chosen to sample a continuum from clear to turbid. Subjects were Scuba divers who observed the colors at night, using a mercury or an incandescent light source. The visibility results show numerous interactions among color, fluorescence, type of light source, and type of water; from them, it is possible to select the optimum combination to be used under a wide variety of conditions.

Citation
JO ANN S. KINNEY, S. M. LURIA, and DONALD O. WEITZMAN, "Visibility of Colors Underwater Using Artificial Illumination," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 624-625 (1969)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-59-5-624

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