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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 59, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1969
  • pp: 624–625

Visibility of Colors Underwater Using Artificial Illumination

JO ANN S. KINNEY, S. M. LURIA, and DONALD O. WEITZMAN  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 59, Issue 5, pp. 624-625 (1969)

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The visibility of various colors underwater with artificial illumination has been measured in three different bodies of water chosen to sample a continuum from clear to turbid. Subjects were Scuba divers who observed the colors at night, using a mercury or an incandescent light source. The visibility results show numerous interactions among color, fluorescence, type of light source, and type of water; from them, it is possible to select the optimum combination to be used under a wide variety of conditions.

JO ANN S. KINNEY, S. M. LURIA, and DONALD O. WEITZMAN, "Visibility of Colors Underwater Using Artificial Illumination," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 624-625 (1969)

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  1. J. A. S. Kinney, S. M. Luria, and D. O. Weitzman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 802 (1967).
  2. E. O. Hulburt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 553 (1926); G. L. Clarke and H. R. James, 29, 43 (1939); R. C. Smith and J. E. Tyler, 57, 589 (1967); J. E. Tyler and R. C. Smith, 57, 595 (1967).
  3. J. E. Tyler, Limnol. Oceanog. LV(1), 102 (1959).

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