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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 59, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1969
  • pp: 624–625

Visibility of Colors Underwater Using Artificial Illumination

JO ANN S. KINNEY, S. M. LURIA, and DONALD O. WEITZMAN  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 59, Issue 5, pp. 624-625 (1969)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.59.000624


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Abstract

The visibility of various colors underwater with artificial illumination has been measured in three different bodies of water chosen to sample a continuum from clear to turbid. Subjects were Scuba divers who observed the colors at night, using a mercury or an incandescent light source. The visibility results show numerous interactions among color, fluorescence, type of light source, and type of water; from them, it is possible to select the optimum combination to be used under a wide variety of conditions.

Citation
JO ANN S. KINNEY, S. M. LURIA, and DONALD O. WEITZMAN, "Visibility of Colors Underwater Using Artificial Illumination," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 624-625 (1969)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-59-5-624


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References

  1. J. A. S. Kinney, S. M. Luria, and D. O. Weitzman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 802 (1967).
  2. E. O. Hulburt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 553 (1926); G. L. Clarke and H. R. James, 29, 43 (1939); R. C. Smith and J. E. Tyler, 57, 589 (1967); J. E. Tyler and R. C. Smith, 57, 595 (1967).
  3. J. E. Tyler, Limnol. Oceanog. LV(1), 102 (1959).

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