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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 60, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1970
  • pp: 121–126

Neural Limitations of Visual Excitability. IX. Monocular and Interocular Changes of Sensitivity During Flicker Stimulation

WILLIAM S. BATTERSBY and JOSEPH F. STURR  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 60, Issue 1, pp. 121-126 (1970)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.60.000121


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Abstract

Changes of threshold luminance for a test flash (Ft) were studied as a function of temporal displacement between two conditioning flashes (Fc1 and Fc2), viewed with either the tested eye (monocular stimulation) or the homologous retinal location in the opposite eye (interocular stimulation). Under both conditions, the threshold was elevated most near the beginning of Fc1, fell to a minimum between flashes, and rose again to a secondary maximum near the beginning of Fc2. The form of this function changed dramatically as the Fc1Fc2 interval decreased, the greatest effect being obtained with interocular stimulation. When a train of conditioning flashes (Fc1Fc5) at or near fusion frequency was utilized, temporal oscillations of threshold luminance were detectable with monocular but not with interocular stimulation.

Citation
WILLIAM S. BATTERSBY and JOSEPH F. STURR, "Neural Limitations of Visual Excitability. IX. Monocular and Interocular Changes of Sensitivity During Flicker Stimulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 121-126 (1970)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-60-1-121


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References

  1. C. Landis, An Annotated Bibliography of Flicker Fusion Phenomena, Armed Forces National Research Council (Vision Committee) (University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1953).
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  19. As has been noted repeatedly, photochemical processes could not obviously produce increments of threshold that occur whenthe test flash precedes the conditioning flash, because the latter has not yet impinged upon the retina. More important, according to photochemical theory, progressive exposure to light (either flickering or steady) should bleach more photolabile pigment with increases in time, leading to a decrease of sensitivity; in fact the opposite occurs.
  20. R. Granit, Sensory Mechanisms of thle Retina (Oxford University Press, London, 1947), pp. 171–187.
  21. R. Granit, Receptors and Sensory Perception (Yale University Press, New Haven, 1955), pp. 62–78.
  22. R. Jung, in Ref. 12, pp. 627–674.

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