OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 61, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 1971
  • pp: 1342–1349

Precision Wavelengths and Energy Levels in Gold

JAMES C. EHRHARDT and SUMNER P. DAVIS  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 61, Issue 10, pp. 1342-1349 (1971)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (945 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The spectrum of gold from several different light sources has been investigated. Precision measurements have yielded new data on wavelengths and energy levels in Au I, Au II, and Au III. The spectrum from a high-intensity hollow-cathode lamp with a secondary discharge from an extra pair of Electrodes to reduce line broadening and self-reversal was studied with a high-resolution Czerny-Turner spectrograph from 2600 to 9600 Å. This study yielded an accurate line list along with information on the hyperfine structure of levels in Au I and the first observations of hyperfine splittings in Au II. Few lines from levels with high orbital angular momentum were seen, providing information on the type of excitation in this kind of lamp. Autoionization in gold is reported for the first time, and broad lines 1–5 cm-1 wide were classified as arising from two autoionizing levels in Au I. The vacuum-ultraviolet spectrum from a condensed spark was studied, and new lines were found in Au II and Au III.

JAMES C. EHRHARDT and SUMNER P. DAVIS, "Precision Wavelengths and Energy Levels in Gold," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1342-1349 (1971)

Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. W. C. Martin and J. Sugar, private communication, 1970.
  2. J. R. Platt and R. A. Sawyer, Phys. Rev. 60, 866 (1941).
  3. J. B. Green and H. N. Maxwell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 98 (1955).
  4. R. M. Elliott and J. Wulff, Phys. Rev. 55, 170 (1939).
  5. W. V. Siemans, Ann. Physik 13, 158 (1953).
  6. H. Bucka and J. Ney, Z. Physik 194, 208 (1966).
  7. E. Recknagel, Z. Physik 159, 19 (1960).
  8. W. J. Childs and L. S. Goodman, Phys. Rev. 141, 176 (1966).
  9. A. G. Blackman, D. A. Landman, and A Lurio, Phys. Rev. 161, 60 (1967).
  10. J. V. Sullivan and A. Walsh, Spectrochim. Acta 21, 72 (1965).
  11. D. K. Davies, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4713 (1967).
  12. J. Reader, Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1962.
  13. S. P. Davis and J. G. Phillips, The Red System of the CN Molecule (Univ. California Press, Berkeley, 1963).
  14. F. P. J. Valero, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 484 (1968); 58, 1048 (1968).
  15. Trans. Intern. Astron. Union 10, 229 (1959).
  16. L. L. Ames and R. F. Barrow, Faraday Soc. Trans. 63, 39 (1967).
  17. J. C. McLennan and A. B. McLay, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 134A, 35 (1931).
  18. S. Mrozowski, Phys. Rev. 61, 605 (1942).
  19. A. G. Shenstone, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London A235, 195 (1936).
  20. L. Iglesias, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.) 64A, 481 (1960); 70A, 465 (1966).
  21. Y. Shadmi, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.) 69A, 511 (1965).
  22. H. Mendlowitz, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.) 71A, 149 (1967).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited