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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 62, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1972
  • pp: 83–91

Predicted Optical Properties for Clear Natural Water

JOHN E. TYLER, RAYMOND C. SMITH, and WAYNE H. WILSON, JR.  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 62, Issue 1, pp. 83-91 (1972)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.62.000083


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Abstract

This paper presents the results of an effort to predict the optical properties of a clean-water type as a function of wavelength. The prediction is based on extensive experimental spectral values for the irradianceattenuation coefficient and the irradiance reflectance for clean, naturally occurring water, together with an analytical expression for the shape of the asymptotic radiance distribution and a synthesized table of spectral values for the total scattering coefficient based on recent experimental data obtained by Morel in the Mediterranean Sea. The values predicted for the total attenuation coefficient are found to compare favorably with recent data for the total attenuation coefficient obtained at several wavelengths by Austin, in the Sargasso Sea. Other optical properties predicted herein are found to be consistent with experimental values recently reported in the literature.

Citation
JOHN E. TYLER, RAYMOND C. SMITH, and WAYNE H. WILSON, JR., "Predicted Optical Properties for Clear Natural Water," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 83-91 (1972)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-62-1-83


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References

  1. R. W. Preisendorfer, in Monograph No. 10—Symposium on Radiant Energy in the Sea, edited by N. Jerlov (I.U.G.G. Publ. Off., 39 ter, Rue Gay-Lussac, Paris, 1960), p. 11.
  2. R. W. Preisendorfer, in Physical Aspects of Light in the Sea, edited by J. E. Tyler (University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1964), p. 51.
  3. J. E. Tyler, in Radiative Energy Transfer (Pergamon, New York, 1968), p. 340.
  4. J. E. Tyler and R. W. Preisendorfer, The Sea (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1962), Vol. I, p. 446.
  5. J. E. Tyler, J. Marine Res. 21, 102 (1963).
  6. By brighter (or darker) we mean that the radiance distribution is distorted in this manner relative to its asymptotic distribution.
  7. J. E. Tyler, J. Marine Res. 16, 96 (1958).
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  15. Morel (in Electromagnetics of the Sea, AGARD Conf. Proc. No. 77 AGARD-CP-77-70, AD-716-305, 1970; footnote p. 30–3) has reported an error in computing the values of the scattering coefficients given in Ref. 12, viz., "Une erreur numédrique s'est glisée dans le calcul présenté Ref. 19 (Ref. 12): la valeur de l'intégrale normalisée n'est pas 22.5 mais (π×22.5); cette omission se répercute sur toutes les valeurs numériques présentées ensuite; un rectificatif sera prochainement donné."
  16. E. O. Hulburt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 35, 698 (1945.)
  17. S. A. Sullivan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 962 (1963).
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  19. H. R. James and E. A. Birge, Trans. Wisc. Acad. Sci. 31 (1938) (see Tables I and II).
  20. T. J. Petzold and R. W. Austin, Scripps Inst. Oceanog. Ref. 6809 (1968) (Natd. Tech. Information Service, AD 669232). Also available from authors (Visibility Lab., Scripps Inst. Oceanog., P.O. Box 109, La Jolla, Calif. 92037).
  21. J. E. Tyler, W. H. Richardson, and R. W. Holmes, J. Geophys. Res. 64, 667 (1959).
  22. J. E. Tyler and R. C. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1390 (1966).
  23. J. E. Tyler and R. C. Smith, Measurements of Spectral Irradiance Underwater (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1970).

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