OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 62, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1972
  • pp: 654–658

Optical-Field Effects Produced by Fluctuations of the Density of Excited States

A. THEODORE FORRESTER  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 62, Issue 5, pp. 654-658 (1972)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (576 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Optical-field fluctuations due to fluctuations of the number of active emitters are predicted and the magnitude of the effect is calculated. The results indicate an observable effect, although the conditions for observation appear not to have been met in experiments in which light fluctuations have been measured. The magnitude of the effect is capable of yielding information about the thickness of an emitting layer or the product of line width and excited-state lifetime.

A. THEODORE FORRESTER, "Optical-Field Effects Produced by Fluctuations of the Density of Excited States," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 654-658 (1972)

Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. A. T. Forrester, R. A. Gudmundsen, and P. O. Johnson, Phys. Rev. 99, 1691 (1955).
  2. R. Hanbury Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 177, 27 (1956).
  3. H. Nieuwenhuijzen, Bull. Astron. Inst. Netherlands 19, 391 (1968).
  4. L. Mandel, in Progress in Optics II, edited by E. Wolf (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1963), p. 181.
  5. I. R. Senitzky, Phys. Rev. 128, 2864 (1962).
  6. L. Mandel, E. C. G. Sudarshan, and E. Wolf, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 84, 435 (1964).
  7. R. J. J. Zijlstra and C. Th. J. Alkemade, Physica 31, 1486 (1965).
  8. H. M. Fijnat and R. J. Zijlstra, J. Phys. D 3, 45 (1970).
  9. This can be proven by means of the Carson theorem. See A. van der Ziel, Noise (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J., 1970), pp. 13–16.
  10. A. Theodore Forrester, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 253 (1961).
  11. C. Th. J. Alkemade, Physica 25, 1145 (1959).
  12. This condition will be relaxed in Sec. IV.
  13. There exists some confusion concerning terminology. I use the term heterodyne as a general term denoting beating between different-frequency waves, including, for example, the components of a single spectral line, as in low-level detection. Super-heterodyne is used here to imply the use of an intense local oscillator.
  14. A. Maitland and M. H. Dunn, Laser Physics (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1969), Sec. 7.2.
  15. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1967), Sec. 14.2.
  16. A. T. Forrester, R. A. Gudmundsen, and P. O. Johnson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 339 (1956).
  17. A. C. G. Mitchell and E. J. Murphy, Phys. Rev. 46, 53 (1934).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited