OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 63, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 1973
  • pp: 1607–1612

Visual impression of whiteness and its colorimetric definition

R. Thielert and G. Schliemann  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 63, Issue 12, pp. 1607-1612 (1973)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.63.001607


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (660 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Scale values D of whiteness have been determined visually by the method of paired comparisons of a number of white samples that differed in hue, saturation, and lightness. Each sample was also specified by use of a newly developed whiteness formula W = Y - 33.33p. W is the whiteness, Y is the luminous reflectance of the sample, and p is the ratio of two distances in the 1931 CIE chromaticity diagram, p = <OF>/<OE>. <OF> is the distance between the chromaticity point F of the sample and a point O with the chromaticity coordinates xo = 0.3090, yo = 0.3170. Point O is the center of an ellipse with a major semiaxis a = 0.030 and a minor semiaxis b = 0.009. The angle of inclination of the major axis with respect to the positive direction of the x axis of the chromaticity diagram is θ = 48.0 °. <OE> is the distance between point O and the intersection E of the ellipse with the straight line through the points O and F. Good correlation between D and W was obtained in all cases, even if samples were compared that differed considerably in hue. This demonstrates the greater range of validity of the newly developed formula in comparison with current whiteness formulas.

Citation
R. Thielert and G. Schliemann, "Visual impression of whiteness and its colorimetric definition," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 1607-1612 (1973)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-63-12-1607


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. G. Wyszecki and W. S. Stiles, Color Science (Wiley, NewYork, 1967), pp. 468–469.
  2. H. Loof (private communication).
  3. Reference 1, p. 289. In this reference, the illuminant to which we refer is denoted as D6000. We use, however, the denotation D60 because this is in accordance with the denotations now in use with the CIE standard illuminants D.
  4. H. A. David, The Method of Paired Comparisons (Griffin, London, 1963).
  5. S. Ishihara, Tests for Colour-Blindness, 38 plates Edition(Kanehara Shuppan Co., Tokyo, 1967).
  6. U. Schultz and R. Lehmann, in Proceedings of the International Color Meeting "Color 69," Stockholm 1969 (Muster-Schmidt, Göttingen, 1970), Vol. 2, p. 845.
  7. H.-G. Frühling, W. Münch, and M. Richter, Farbe 5, 41(1956).
  8. R. Thielert and G. Schliemann, Farbe 21, 113 (1972).
  9. R. Thielert and G. Schliemann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 137 (1972).
  10. A. Berger, Farbe 8, 187 (1959).
  11. R. S. Hunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 44 (1960).
  12. P. S. Stensby, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 45, 497 (1968).
  13. G. Hansen, Zellstoff Papier 18, 393 (1938).
  14. SCAN-P3: 62, Brightness of Paper and Paperboard (Scandinavian Pulp, Paper, and Board Testing Committee, Stockholm, 1962).
  15. S. V. Vaeck and F. van Lierde, Ann. Textiles Beiges No.3-9/64, 7 (Sept. 1964).
  16. K. Honjyo and M. Nonaka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1690 (1970).
  17. We are very much indebted to Dr. Kazuo Honjyo of Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo, for communication of these data.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited