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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 63, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 1973
  • pp: 321–324

Method for the determination of the index of refraction of particles suspended in the ocean

J. Ronald V. Zaneveld and Hasong Pak  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 63, Issue 3, pp. 321-324 (1973)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.63.000321


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Abstract

It is shown that the complex index of refraction of a given particle-size distribution may be calculated if the particle extinction coefficient and the particle absorption coefficient are known. If the particles are assumed to be nonabsorbing, a real index of refraction may be calculated from the ratio of light scattering at 45° from the forward for two wavelengths. Application of the method to two stations off Ecuador indicates that the particle index of refraction can be determined with sufficient accuracy to become an important parameter in the study of the oceans.

Citation
J. Ronald V. Zaneveld and Hasong Pak, "Method for the determination of the index of refraction of particles suspended in the ocean," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 321-324 (1973)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-63-3-321


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References

  1. V. M. Pavlov and B. N. Grechushnikov, Some Aspects of the Theory of Daylight Polarization Indices, U. S. Dept. of Commerce, Joint Publication Research Session, Report No. 36 (U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington, D.C., 1966), p.25.
  2. H. Pak, G. F. Beardsley, Jr., G. R. Heath, and H. Curl Limnol. Oceanogr. 15, 683 (1970).
  3. H. R. Gordon and O. B. Brown, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 52, 245 (1971).
  4. G. Mie, Ann. Phys. (Leipz.) 25, 377 (1908).
  5. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957), pp. 172–199.
  6. W. V. Burt, J. Mar. Res. 15, 76 (1956).
  7. K. L. Carder, Ph.D. thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis (1970).
  8. N. G. Jerlov, Report of the Swedish Deep-Sea Expedition, 1947–48, Vol. 3 (Elanders Boktrycker Aktiebolag, Göteborg, 1953), pp. 73–97.
  9. G. D. Deirmendjian, in Electromagnetic Scattering, edited by M. Kerker (Macmillan, New York, 1963), p. 171.
  10. G. F. Beardsley, Jr., H. Pak, K. L. Carder, and B. Lundgren, J. Geophys. Res. 75, 2837 (1970).

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