Two situations in which self-imaging techniques can be applied to advantage are presented: the pinhole-array camera and transmission through an optical fiber. The experimental procedure and results are presented for the case of a pinhole array illuminated with an extended incoherent object distribution. In the Fresnel-image planes, more images are formed than there are pinholes in the array, which is in contrast to the case of the pinhole-array camera. An optical fiber or thin film working in the kaleidoscope mode may form an image, provided that its length fulfills the self-imaging condition.
Olof Bryngdahl, "Image formation using self-imaging techniques," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 416-419 (1973)