OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 66, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1976
  • pp: 49–55

Muon-induced visual sensations

P. J. McNulty, V. P. Pease, and V. P. Bond  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 66, Issue 1, pp. 49-55 (1976)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (833 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The visual phenomena induced by the passage of a pulse of extremely relativistic muons through the vitreous humor have been studied at the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The visual phenomena include flashes that range from small crescents of light in the peripheral field of view to large clouds of light that fill the entire field of view as well as bright flashes with dark centers. Three subjects have been exposed to date. Arguments are given to show that the physical mechanism behind these flashes is Cerenkov radiation. Standard psychophysical techniques are used to determine the threshold for muon-induced visual sensations for one subject. Comparison is made with his pion threshold measured under the same condition.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

P. J. McNulty, V. P. Pease, and V. P. Bond, "Muon-induced visual sensations," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 49-55 (1976)

Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. F. J. D'Arcy and N. A. Porter, Nature (London) 196, 1013 (1962).
  2. W. N. Charman and Christina M. Rowlands, Nature (London) 232, 574 (1971).
  3. P. K. Chapman, L. S. Pinsky, R. E. Benson, and T. F. Budinger, in Proceedings of the National Symposium on Natural and Manmade Radiation in Space-1971, edited by E. A. Warman (NASA-TMX-2440, 1972) p. 1002.
  4. L. S. Pinsky, W. F. Osborne, J. V. Bailey, R. E. Benson, and L. F. Thompson, Science 183, 957 (1974).
  5. J. H. Fremlin, New Sci. 47, 42 (1970).
  6. W. N. Charman, J. A. Dennis, G. G. Fazio, and J. V. Jelley, Nature (London) 230, 522 (1971).
  7. T. F. Budinger, H. Bischel, and C. A. Tobias, Science 172, 868 (1971).
  8. C. A. Tobias, T. F. Budinger, and J. T. Lyman, Nature (London) 230, 596 (1971).
  9. C. A. Tobias, T. F. Budinger, and J. T. Lyman, in Ref. 3, p. 1002.
  10. P. J. McNulty, V. P. Pease, L. S. Pinsky, V. P. Bond, W. Schimmerling, and K. G. Vosburgh, Science 178, 166 (1972).
  11. P. J. McNulty, Nature (London) 234, 110 (1971); Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories Report No. 71–0377 (1971).
  12. P. J. McNulty, in Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Nuclear Photography and Solid State Track Detectors, edited by M. Nicolae (Institute of Atomic Physics, Bucharest, 1972), Vol. 1, p. 598.
  13. G. G. Fazio, J. V. Jelley, and W. M. Charman, Nature (London) 228, 260 (1971).
  14. R. Madey and P. J. McNulty, in Ref. 3, p. 757.
  15. P. J. McNulty and R. Madey, in Ref. 3, p. 767.
  16. G. Wald and P. K. Brown, Science 127, 222 (1958).
  17. L. S. Pinsky (private communication).
  18. P. J. McNulty, V. P. Pease and V. P. Bond, Science 189, 453 (1975).
  19. M. H. Pirenne and F. H. Marriott in Psychology, A Study of Science Vol.I, edited by S. Koch (McGraw-Hill, NewYork, 1959).
  20. E. J. Denton and M. H. Pirenne, J. Physiol. 123, 417 (1954).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited