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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 66, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 1976
  • pp: 1421–1423

Test for the nonexistence of photons

Sherman Karp  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 66, Issue 12, pp. 1421-1423 (1976)

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Extending the concept of the classical addition of wave packets to that of a random ensemble, a hypothesis has been proposed that treats the classical field as such an ensemble. Computations of the resulting field envelope and short-term counting statistics were also made. As a consequence, a test was proposed that would essentially measure the “shot noise” inherent in such a model and differentiate it from the discreteness resulting from the photodetection process. In this paper the test is examined in terms of the resources and environment necessary to perform it.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

Sherman Karp, "Test for the nonexistence of photons," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1421-1423 (1976)

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  1. P. A. M. Dirac, Quantum Mechanics, 3rd ed. (Oxford U. P., London), p. 9.
  2. A. T. Forrester, R. A. Gudmundsen, and P. O. Johnson, "Photoelectric Mixing of Incoherent Light," Phys. Rev. 99, 1691 (1955).
  3. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, "Coherence Properties of Optical Fields," Rev. Mod. Phys. 37, 231 (1965).
  4. S. Karp, R. M. Galiardi, and I. S. Reed, "Radiation Models Using Discrete Radiator Ensembles," Proc. IEEE 56, 1704 (1968).
  5. S. Karp, "Statistical Properties of Ensembles of Classical Wave Packets," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 421 (1975).
  6. H. Cramer, Mathematical Methods of Statistics (Princeton U. P., Princeton, N.J., 1954).
  7. R. M. Galiardi, and S. Karp, Optical Communications (Wiley Interscience, New York, 1976) p. 62.

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