Measurements of accommodation and visual resolution were obtained at a number of luminance levels and stimulus distances. With reductions in luminance the eye approached a "fixed-focus" condition of accommodation for intermediate distances, resulting in successively larger errors in accommodation for both near and far stimuli. The visual resolution values were initially affected by both the luminance and distance of the stimulus. Subsequent measurements of resolution, following the correction of accommodative errors, were found to be independent of the stimulus distance. The findings are discussed with regard to the problems of "night myopia" and variations in visual resolution with stimulus distance.
© 1976 Optical Society of America
Chris A. Johnson, "Effects of luminance and stimulus distance on accommodation and visual resolution," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 138-142 (1976)