OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 66, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1976
  • pp: 709–717

Luminance and opponent-color contributions to visual detection and adaptation and to temporal and spatial integration

P. E. King-Smith and D. Carden  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 66, Issue 7, pp. 709-717 (1976)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.66.000709


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1221 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We show how the processes of visual detection and of temporal and spatial summation may be analyzed in terms of parallel luminance (achromatic) and opponent-color systems; a test flash is detected if it exceeds the threshold of either system. The spectral sensitivity of the luminance system may be determined by a flicker method, and has a single broad peak near 555 nm; the spectral sensitivity of the opponent-color system corresponds to the color recognition threshold, and has three peaks at about 440, 530, and 600 nm (on a white background). The temporal and spatial integration of the opponent-color system are generally greater than for the luminance system; further, a white background selectively depresses the sensitivity of the luminance system relative to the opponent-color system. Thus relatively large (1°) and long (200 msec) spectral test flashes on a white background are detected by the opponent-color system except near 570 nm; the contribution of the luminance system becomes more prominent if the size or duration of the test flash is reduced, or if the white background is extinguished. The present analysis is discussed in relation to Stiles’ model of independent π mechanisms.

© 1976 Optical Society of America

Citation
P. E. King-Smith and D. Carden, "Luminance and opponent-color contributions to visual detection and adaptation and to temporal and spatial integration," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 709-717 (1976)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-66-7-709


Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. W. S. Stiles, Proc. R. Soc. B 127, 67 (1939).
  2. W. S. Stiles, Docum. Ophthal. 3, 138 (1949).
  3. W. S. Stiles, Proc. Natn. Acad. Sci. 75, 100 (1959).
  4. W. Marks, W. H. Dobelle, and E. F. MacNichol, Science 143, 1181 (1964).
  5. P. K. Brown and G. Wald, Science 144, 45 (1964).
  6. D. E. Mitchell and W. A. H. Rushton, Vision Res. 11, 1045 (1971).
  7. R. M. Boynton and D. N. Whitten, Science 170, 1423 (1970).
  8. J. M. Enoch, in Handbook of sensory Physiology, Vol. VII/4, edited by D. Jameson and L. M. Hurvich (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1972), Chap. 21.
  9. P. E. King-Smith, Nature 255, 69 (1975).
  10. H. G. Sperling and R. S. Harwerth, Science 172, 180 (1971).
  11. P. E. King-Smith and J. R. Webb, Vision Res. 14, 421 (1974).
  12. R. M. Boynton, M. Ikeda, and W. S. Stiles, Vision Res. 4, 87 (1964).
  13. S. L. Guth, N. J. Donley, and R. T. Marrocco, Vision Res. 9, 537 (1969).
  14. L. M. Hurvich and D. Jameson, Psychol. Rev. 64, 384 (1957).
  15. R. L. De Valois, I. Abramov, and G. H. Jacobs, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 966 (1966).
  16. T. N. Wiesel and D. H. Hubel, J. Neurophysiol. 29, 1115 (1966).
  17. G. Wyszecki and W. S. Stiles, Colour Science (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 211.
  18. G. B. Rollman and J. Nachmias, Percept. Psychophys. 12, 309 (1972).
  19. L. Kerr, Vision Res. 14, 1095 (1974).
  20. D. Regan and C. W. Tyler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1414 (1971).
  21. G. J. C. van der Horst, C. M. M. de Weert, and M. A. Bouman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 1260 (1967).
  22. R. Hilz and C. R. Cavonius, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 273 (1970).
  23. G. Wald, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 1289 (1967).
  24. H. de Lange, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 784 (1958).
  25. H. E. Ives, Philos. Mag. 24, 845 (1912).
  26. H. G. Sperling and C. L. Jolliffe, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 191 (1965).
  27. H. R. Blackwell, in Handbook of Sensory Physiology, Vol. VII/4, edited by D. Jameson and L. M. Hurvich (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1972), Chap. 4.
  28. J. Krauskopf and J. D. Mollon, J. Physiol. 219, 611 (1971).
  29. H. B. Barlow, J. Physiol. 141, 337 (1958).
  30. C. Enroth-Cugell and R. M. Shapley, J. Physiol. 233, 271 (1973).
  31. G. S. Brindley, J. Physiol. 122, 332 (1953).
  32. S. L. Guth and H. R. Lodge, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 450 (1973).
  33. D. P. M. Northmore and W. R. A. Muntz, Vision Res. 14, 503 (1974).
  34. P. Padmos and D. V. Norren, Vision Res. 15, 1103 (1975).
  35. P. Gouras, J. Physiol. 199, 533 (1968).
  36. P. Gouras, Vision Res. Suppl. 3, 397 (1971).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited