The implementation of gradient-index materials into optical systems requires that a complete set of manufacturing tolerances be calculated. To evaluate systems where the gradient may be tilted, decentered, or displaced, modifications to present ray-trace procedures are developed. Examples of the effect of such manufacturing errors are given.
© 1976 Optical Society of America
Duncan T. Moore, "Ray tracing in tilted, decentered, displaced gradient-index optical systems," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 789-795 (1976)