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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 68, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 1978
  • pp: 480–485

Speckle interferometry at finite spectral bandwidths and exposure times

Douglas P. Karo and Arthur M. Schneiderman  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 68, Issue 4, pp. 480-485 (1978)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.68.000480


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Abstract

The effects of wavelength, spectral bandpass, and exposure time on the speckle lens-atmosphere modulation transfer function have been measured using bright stellar sources.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

Citation
Douglas P. Karo and Arthur M. Schneiderman, "Speckle interferometry at finite spectral bandwidths and exposure times," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 480-485 (1978)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-68-4-480


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References

  1. A. M. Schneiderman, P. F. Kellen, and M. G. Miller, "Laboratory simulated speckle interferometry", J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 1287–1291 (1975).
  2. D. Korff, "Analysis of a method for obtaining near-diffraction limited information in the presence of atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 971–980 (1973).
  3. D. Korff, G. Dryden, and M. G. Miller, "Information retrieval from atmospheric induced speckle patterns," Opt. Comm. 5, 187–192 (1972).
  4. J. C. Dainty, "Diffraction-limited imaging of stellar objects using telescopes of low optical quality", Opt. Comm. 1, 129–134 (1973).
  5. Speckle interferometry consistently recovers near diffraction limited object information but no large telescope can be considered in practice to have close to diffraction limited imaging quality.
  6. D. P. Karo and A. M. Schneiderman, "Speckle interferometry with severely aberrated telescopes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1277–78 (1977).
  7. D. P. Karo and A. M. Schneiderman, "Nonstationarity of the atmospheric transfer function," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1065–1066A (1976).
  8. R. E. Hufnagel and N. R. Stanley, "Modulation transfer function associated with image transmission through turbulent media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 52–61 (1964).
  9. D. L. Fried, "Optical resolution through a randomly inhomogeneous medium for very long and very short exposures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1372–1379 (1966).
  10. V. I. Tatarski, Wave propagation in a turbulent medium (Dover, New York, 1961).
  11. I. Goldstein, P. A. Miles, and A. Chabot, "Heterodyne measurements of light propagation through atmospheric turbulence", Proc. IEEE 53, 1172–1180 (1965).
  12. T. J. Gilmartin and J. Z. Holtz, "Focused beam and atmospheric coherence measurements at 10.6µm and 0.63 µm," Appl. Opt. 13, 1906–1912 (1974).
  13. A. Labeyrie, "High resolution techniques in optical astronomy," in Progress in Optics, edited by E. Wolf (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976) vol. XIV, 47–87.
  14. A. M. Schneiderman and D. P. Karo, "How to build a speckle interferometer," Opt. Eng. 16, 72–79 (1977).
  15. This prediction has only mixed measurement support. See, for example, the discussion and references in S. Pollaine, A. Buffington, F, S, Crawford, and R. A. Muller, "A Measurement of the Phase Structure Function," paper TuD3 in the Technical Digest of Optical Propagation Through Turbulence, Rain and Fog, Boulder, Colo-rado (1977).
  16. C. Roddier and F. Roddier, "Influence of exposure time on spectral properties of turbulence-degraded astronomical images," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 664–667 (1975).
  17. C. Roddier, "Measurements of the atmospheric attenuation of the spectral components of astronomical images," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 478–482 (1976).
  18. D. P. Karo and A. M. Schneiderman, "Speckle interferometry lens-atmosphere MTF measurements," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1252–1256 (1976).
  19. A. M. Schneiderman and D. P. Karo, "Double Star Speckle Interferometry Measurements of Atmospheric Non-Isoplanicity," AERL RR 441, May 1977. Also see A. M. Schneiderman and D. P. Karo, "Speckle interferometry measurements of atmospheric nonisoplanicity using double stars," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 338 (1978).
  20. The possibility (noted in Ref. 18) that approximations exist in the theory (Ref. 2) make the predicted MTF level uncertain by as much

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