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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 68, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 1978
  • pp: 531–534

On the problem of ideal flux concentrators

W. T. Welford and R. Winston  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 68, Issue 4, pp. 531-534 (1978)

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We show that ideal flux collectors in the form of systems of axially symmetric systems which concentrate flux from a given angular extent with no loss in étendue are impossible; on the other hand, systems approaching this limit very closely can be designed.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

W. T. Welford and R. Winston, "On the problem of ideal flux concentrators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 531-534 (1978)

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  1. R. Winston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 245–247 (1970).
  2. W. T. Welford, Aberrations of the Symmetrical Optical System (Academic, New York, 1974).
  3. R. K. Luneburg, Mathematical Theory of Optics (University of California, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1964).
  4. V. K. Baranov, Geliotekhnika (Applied Solar Energy) 2, 9–12 (1966) (English translation).
  5. M. Ploke, Optik (Stuttg.) 25, 31–43 (1967).
  6. H. Hinterberger and R. Winston, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 37, 1094–1095 (1966).
  7. R. I. Garwin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 23, 755–757 (1952).
  8. J. Clerk Maxwell, Q. J. Pure Appl. Math. 2, 233–247 (1858).
  9. See, for example, C. G. Wynne, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. B 65, 429–437 (1952), M. Herzberger Modern Geometrical Optics (Interscience, New York, 1958); O. N. Stavroudis Optics of Rays, Wavefronts and Caustics (Academic, New York, 1972).
  10. See, for example, A. K. Head, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 61, 546–551 (1958); C. R. Burch, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 57, 567–576 (1945).
  11. For a useful survey giving several of these variations see A. Rabl, Solar Energy 18, 93–111 (1976).

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