Recent experiments reveal the high-wave-number form of the power spectrum of temperature fluctuations in turbulent flow. It is precisely this high-wave-number portion of the temperature spectrum that strongly affects optical propagation in the atmosphere. An accurate model of the spectra of advected quantities, such as temperature, has been developed and is applied here to optical propagation. An outstanding feature of the model and the observed temperature spectrum is a “bump” at high wave numbers. The accurate model of the temperature spectrum is used to compute the temperature structure function, the variance of log intensity as a function of Fresnel-zone size, the covariance function of log amplitude, the structure function of phase, as well as the phase coherence length. These results are compared with the predictions of Tatarskii’s spectrum. The bump in the temperature spectrum produces a corresponding bump in the temperature structure function, the variance of log intensity, and the structure function of phase. The accurate model is also used to determine the shape of the structure function of aerosol concentration fluctuations; it is found that this structure function varies as the logarithm of the separation distance for small separations.
© 1978 Optical Society of America
R. J. Hill and S. F. Clifford, "Modified spectrum of atmospheric temperature fluctuations and its application to optical propagation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 892-899 (1978)