OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 68, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1978
  • pp: 931–934

Degradation of holographic images due to depolarization of reflected light

Hossein Ghandeharian and Wolfgang M. Boerner  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 68, Issue 7, pp. 931-934 (1978)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.68.000931


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (865 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The effects on image quality due to polarization changes of the illuminating beam after scattering by an object are studied. These effects include a decrease in signal-to-noise ratio (decrease in fringe visibility) of the hologram and, for an extended object, a loss of information of those segments of the object that have large curvature (edges, discontinuities, etc.). The autocorrelation function of the transmittance of a nonlinearly recorded hologram of a diffuse object is obtained. It is shown that the change of polarization of the illuminating beam by the object not only reduces the signal-to-noise ratio but also fortifies the distortion of the images due to the nonlinearity of the recording medium. This new distorting effect, which appears as a multiplicative factor, is dependent on the irradiance distribution of the object’s cross-polarized component. A simple way of decreasing the above-mentioned degradation effects is suggested.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

Citation
Hossein Ghandeharian and Wolfgang M. Boerner, "Degradation of holographic images due to depolarization of reflected light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 931-934 (1978)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-68-7-931


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. P. Y. Ufimtsef, Method of Fringe Waves in Physical Theory of Diffraction (Sovetskoye Radio Press, Moscow, 1962), p. 192.
  2. M. L. Varshavchuk and V. O. Kobak, "Cross correlation of orthogonally polarized components of electromagnetic field scattered by an extended object," Radio Eng. Electron. Phys. 16, 201–205 (1971).
  3. G. L. Rogers, "Polarization effects in holography," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 831 (1966).
  4. R. J. Collier et al., Optical Holography (Academic, New York, 1971), p. 10.
  5. The fringe visibility is given by V = (Emax - Emin)/(Emax + Emin). V will have its maximum value (=1) if Emin = 0, i.e., when the strengths of the two interfering beams are equal.
  6. J. W. Goodman and G. R. Knight, "Effects of film nonlinearities on wavefront-reconstruction images of diffuse objects," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 1276–1283 (1968).
  7. H. Ghandeharian and V. M. Boerner, "Autocorrelation of transmittance of holograms made of diffuse objects," Opt. Acta 24, 1087–1097 (1977).
  8. J. W. Goodman, "Statistical properties of laser speckle patterns," in Topics in Applied Physics, Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena, Vol.9, edited by J. C. Dainty (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1975).
  9. W. B. Davenport, Jr. and W. L. Root, Random Signals and Noise (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1958), p. 289.
  10. J. W. Goodman, "Some effects of target-induced scintillation on optical radar performance," Proc. IEEE 53, 1688–1700 (1965).
  11. G. N. Watson, "Notes on generating functions of polynomials: (1) Laguerre polynomials," J. Lond. Math. Soc. 8, 189–192 (1933).
  12. J. F. Barrett and D. G. Lampard, "An expansion for some secondorder probability distributions and its application to noise problems," IRE Trans. Inform. Theory IT-1, 10–15 (1955).
  13. G. E. Roberts and H. Kaufman, Tables of Laplace Transforms (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1966).
  14. R. C. Waag and K. T. Knox, "Power-spectrum analysis of exponential diffusers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 877–881 (1972).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited