We consider the backward optical wave stimulated by a multimode, monochromatic, incident optical wave in a waveguide filled with a transparent nonlinear medium, when the incident wave is negligibly perturbed by the nonlinear processes. We derive the conditions on guide length, area, mode number, and Stokes shift in order that a given high percentage of the power in the backscattered field be the “phase conjugate” of the incident field, i.e., be proportional to its complex conjugate in the entrance plane of the waveguide.
© 1978 Optical Society of America
R. W. Hellwarth, "Theory of phase conjugation by stimulated scattering in a waveguide," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1050-1056 (1978)