OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 69, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 1979
  • pp: 1107–1112

Origins of anthelic arcs, the anthelic pillar, and the anthelion

A. James Mallmann and Robert G. Greenler  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 69, Issue 8, pp. 1107-1112 (1979)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.69.001107


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (977 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The existence of hexagonal, pencil-shaped ice crystals that fall with their long axes horizontal is well established. We have used a computer simulation technique to examine the consequences of five mechanisms suggested in the literature to explain the origins of anthelic arcs. The results show that pencil crystals with horizontal axes may be responsible for the anthelic arcs, the anthelic pillar, and the anthelion.

© 1979 Optical Society of America

Citation
A. James Mallmann and Robert G. Greenler, "Origins of anthelic arcs, the anthelic pillar, and the anthelion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1107-1112 (1979)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-69-8-1107


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. R. G. Greenler and A. J. Mallmann, "Circumscribed Halos," Science 176, 128–131 (1972).
  2. R. G. Greenler, A. J. Mallmann, J. R. Mueller, and R. Romito, "Form and Origins of the Parry Arcs," Science 195, 360–367 (1977).
  3. E. Everhart, "The Solar Halo Complex of September 17, 1960," Sky and Telescope 21, 14–15 (1961).
  4. R. G. Greenler, J. R. Mueller, W. Hahn, and A. J. Mallmann, "The 46° Halo and Its Arcs," Science (to be published).
  5. J. R. Blake, "The Fairbanks Halo of April 27, 1966," Mon. Weather Rev. 94, 599–604 (1966).
  6. P. P. Hattinga Verschure, "Rare Halo Displays in Amsterdam," Weather 26, 532–536 (1971); "Uncommon Optical Phenomena at Venlo 2 May, 1972," ibid. 28, 300–306 (1973).
  7. G. W. Robertson, "Unusual Halo Phenomena at Swift Current," Weather 29, 113–115 (1974).
  8. J. R. Blake, "Solar Halos in Antarctica," Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition Report No. 59, Ser. A, Vol. 4, Glaciology, (Antarctic Div., Melbourne, 1961).
  9. G. H. Liljequist, "Halo Phenomena and Ice Crystals," Norwegian-British-Swedish Antarctic Expedition, 1949–1952, Scientific Results Vol. 2 Special Studies (Norsk Polarinstitutt, Oslo, 1956).
  10. S. W. Visser, "Die Halo-Erscheinung," Handbuch der Geophysik, Band 8, Kapitel 15 (Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin, 1961).
  11. A. Wegener, "Theorie der Haupthalos," Archiv der Deutschen Seewarte, Vol. 43, No. 2 (Hamburg, 1926).
  12. C. S. Hastings, "A General Theory of Halos," Mon. Weather Rev. 48, 322–330 (1920).
  13. R. A. R. Tricker, "A Simple Theory of Certain Heliacal and Anthelic Halo Arcs. The Long Hexagonal Ice Prism as a Kaleidoscope," Q. J. R. Meteorolog. Soc. 99, 649–656 (1973).
  14. We used several methods of measuring the angles, working both directly from the 35mm slides and from enlarged projected images. In some cases we first sketched the arcs and drew tangent lines to the sketch; in others, we constructed tangent lines directly from the arcs in the photograph. We found that the reproducibility using any one method is better than the agreement between different methods. The number of ±5° on the measurements gives a reasonable indication of the uncertainty.
  15. Photograph from Rainbows, Halos, and Glories, to be published by Cambridge University Press.
  16. D. K. Lynch and Pt. Schwartz, "Formation of the anthelion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 383–386 (1979).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited