OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 70, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 1980
  • pp: 1476–1483

Relations between inter- and intra-individual variability of color-matching functions. Experimental results

Françoise Viénot  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 70, Issue 12, pp. 1476-1483 (1980)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (734 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Color-matching functions, as well as the variances and inter- and intra-individual correlations, are given for ten subjects. The dispersion found in the blue region is greater than that indicated by Stiles and Burch. The color-matching technique used is thought to be the cause. Consequences of intra-individual variability are evaluated. A comparison is made with scores of subjects on the Davidson and Hemmendinger color rule. The chromaticity diagram is shown to give an unsatisfactory representation of individual variations.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

Françoise Viénot, "Relations between inter- and intra-individual variability of color-matching functions. Experimental results," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 1476-1483 (1980)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. W. S. Stiles and J. M. Burch, "N.P.L. colour-matching investigation: final report," Opt. Acta 6, 1–26 (1959).
  2. N. I. Speranskaya, "Determination of spectrum color coordinates for twenty-seven observers," Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 7, 424–428 (1959).
  3. F. Viénot, "New equipment for the measurement of color-matching functions," Color Res. Applic. 2, 165–170 (1977).
  4. F. Viénot, "About the statistics of color-matching functions," Farbe 26, 205–212 (1977).
  5. The results we published in Farbe showed a deviation in the blue region with respect to the CIE 1964 standard colorimetric observer that did not occur in the present experiment. Such a deviation might have been due to our choosing the blue primary at 480 nm to perform the color matches for test radiations below 466 nm, thus requiring a mathematical transformation to obtain the colormatching functions in the 466, 526, 627 nm system.
  6. Colorimetry, Official Recommendations of the International Commission on Illumination, (C.I.E., Paris, France, 1971).
  7. G. Wyszecki and W. S. Stiles, Color Science (Wiley, New York, 1967).
  8. M. Alpern, B. Bastian, E. N. Pugh, and W. Gras, "Altered ocular pigments, photostable and labile," Mod. Probl. Ophthalmol. 17, 273–291 (1976).
  9. P. K. Kaiser and H. Hemmendinger, "The Color Rule: A device for color vision testing," Color Res. Appl. 5, 65–71 (1980).
  10. H. Hemmendinger (private communication, 1979).
  11. V. C. Smith, J. Pokorny, and S. J. Starr, "Variability of color mixture data. I. Inter-observer variability in the unit coordinates," Vision Res. 16, 1087–1094 (1976).
  12. J. Pokorny, V. C. Smith, and S. J. Starr, "Variability of color mixture data. II. The effect of viewing size on the unit coordinates," Vision Res. 16, 1095–1098 (1976).
  13. M. Alpern, "Lack of uniformity in colour matching," J. Physiol. 288, 85–105 (1979).
  14. J. K. Bowmaker, E. R. Loew, and P. A. Liebman, "Variation of the λmax of rhodopsin from individual frogs," Vision Res. 15, 997–1046 (1975).
  15. F. M. De Monasterio and P. Gouras, "Responses of macaque ganglion cells to violet lights," Vision Res. 17, 1147–1156 (1977).
  16. M. Alpern and E. N. Pugh, "Variations in the action spectrum of erythrolabe among deuteranopes," J. Physiol. 266, 613–646 (1977).
  17. W. D. Wright, Researches on Normal and Defective Colour Vision (Henry Kimpton, London, 1946).
  18. O. Estévez, "On the fundamental data-base of normal and dichromatic color vision," Thesis, Krips Repro Meppel, The Netherlands, 1979 (unpublished).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited