The dynamic statistical properties of laser speckle produced in the far-field diffraction region from a diffuse object moving longitudinally along the optical axis under illumination of a Gaussian beam are investigated theoretically and experimentally. Although the spatial structure of speckle patterns varies in time owing to the longitudinal motion of the object, the time-varying speckle intensity detected at the center of the far-field diffraction plane is found to follow a statistically stationary variation. The autocorrelation function and power spectral density of the speckle intensity variations are studied with relation to the illuminating condition of the Gaussian beam.
© 1980 Optical Society of America
N. Takai, Sutanto, and T. Asakura, "Dynamic statistical properties of laser speckle due to longitudinal motion of a diffuse object under Gaussian beam illumination," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 827-834 (1980)