Experiments carried out over diagonal lines of sight through the entire atmosphere support the concept of spatial-coherence degradation through forward scattering as described by an aerosol modulation transfer function that strongly affects the wavelength dependence of imaging through the atmosphere. Airborne-particulate size and concentration are affected strongly by wind strength and soil moisture. Changes in weather that result in changes in average particulate size of airborne soil-derived particulates also strongly change the wavelength dependence of resolution through the atmosphere as a result of changes in the wavelength dependence of the scattering coefficient.
© 1982 Optical Society of America
N. S. Kopeika, "Spatial-frequency- and wavelength-dependent effects of aerosols on the atmospheric modulation transfer function," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 1092-1094 (1982)