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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 73, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 1983
  • pp: 1641–1645

Some ice crystals that made halos

Walter Tape  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 73, Issue 12, pp. 1641-1645 (1983)

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During low-level halo displays, ice crystals in the atmosphere at ground level were collected and studied. I discuss the crystals in connection with the halos present at the time of collection.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

Walter Tape, "Some ice crystals that made halos," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1641-1645 (1983)

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  1. R. Greenler, Rainbows, Halos, and Glories (Cambridge U. Press, 1980).
  2. A. Dobrowolski, "Les cristaux de glace aeriens et le phenomene des halos," Ciel Terre 28, 183–342 (1907).
  3. A. Dobrowolski, "Über neue Beobachtungen von Eiskristallen, welche die Haloerscheinungen bewirken," Meteorol. Z. 26, 433–437 (1909).
  4. F. Heim, "Diamantstaub und Schneekristalle in der Antarktis (Wedellsee)," Meteorol. Z. 31, 232–235 (1914).
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  11. M. Minnaert, The Nature of Light and Color in the Open Air (Dover, New York, 1954), p. 206.
  12. Theoretically, the boundary surface of each hollow is a surface of revolution formed as follows: Let E be the eye and let S be the light source. Choose a point O so that angle EOS is 2D, where D is the minimum deviation angle of the circular halo in question. In the plane of EOS draw the circular arc through E and S with center O. Revolve this arc about the axis ES to generate a surface. The resulting surface is the boundary of the hollow.
  13. T. Ohtake and K. Jayaweera, "Ice crystal displays from power plants," Weather 27, 271–277 (1972).
  14. W. Tape, "Analytic foundations of halo theory," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 1175–1192 (1980).
  15. B. Currie, "Ice crystals and halo phenomena," Mon. Weather Rev. 63, 57–58 (1935).
  16. K. Sassen, "Light pillar climatology," Weatherwise 33, 259–262 (1980).
  17. P. Hattinga-Verschure, "Streetlamp halos," Weather 38, 48–52 (1983).
  18. J. Mattsson, " 'Subsun' and light-pillars of street lamps," Weather 28, 66–68 (1973).
  19. H. Weickmann, "Formen und Bildung atmospharischer Eiskristalle," Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 28, 12–52 (1945).

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