We present a new approach to computing from image sequences the two-dimensional velocities of moving objects that are occluded and transparent. The new motion model does not attempt to provide an accurate representation of the velocity flow field at fine resolutions but coarsely segments an image into regions of coherent motion, provides an estimate of velocity in each region, and actively selects the most reliable estimates. The model uses motion-energy filters in the first stage of processing and computes, in parallel, two different sets of retinotopically organized spatial arrays of unit responses: one set of units estimates the local velocity, and the second set selects from these local estimates those that support global velocities. Only the subset of local-velocity measurements that are the most reliable is included in estimation of the velocity of objects. The model is in agreement with many of the constraints imposed by the physiological response properties of cells in primate visual cortex, and its performance is similar to that of primates on motion transparency.
© 1994 Optical Society of America
Steven J. Nowlan and Terrence J. Sejnowski, "Filter selection model for motion segmentation and velocity integration," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 3177-3200 (1994)