We present analytical results on the polarization-mode dispersion characteristics of single-mode birefringent fibers based on statistical properties of the backscattered signal. In particular, we calculate exactly the relationship between polarization-mode dispersion characteristics in forward propagation with respect to round-trip propagation in terms of dynamical equations, differential group delays, correlation lengths, and second-order effects. The theory applies to fibers affected by superposition of linear and circular birefringence in both the short-length and the long-length regimes.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2420) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, polarization-maintaining
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode
(120.4640) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical instruments
Fabrizio Corsi, Andrea Galtarossa, and Luca Palmieri, "Analytical treatment of polarization-mode dispersion in single-mode fibers by means of the backscattered signal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 574-583 (1999)