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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 16, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1999
  • pp: 1184–1193

Stratified volume diffractive optical elements as high-efficiency gratings

Diana M. Chambers and Gregory P. Nordin  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 16, Issue 5, pp. 1184-1193 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.16.001184


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Abstract

We propose stratified volume diffractive optical elements as a new type of diffractive optical element that is capable of functioning as a high-efficiency grating in applications with requirements not suited to traditional holographic or diffractive optical techniques. In this approach, diffractive optical fabrication methods are used to construct an optical structure that emulates volume grating behavior. We discuss the diffraction properties of stratified volume diffractive optical elements and compare them with those used previously in both volume holographic optical elements and stratified volume holographic optical elements. A systematic design process is then presented for deriving structure parameters. We illustrate this process by designing a prototype stratified volume diffractive optical element to meet the operational specifications for a beam-scanning element in a spaceborne coherent wind lidar. We use numerical simulation to assess the performance of the prototype element, including sensitivity to fabrication errors.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(090.1970) Holography : Diffractive optics
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings

History
Original Manuscript: August 10, 1998
Revised Manuscript: January 15, 1999
Manuscript Accepted: January 22, 1999
Published: May 1, 1999

Citation
Diana M. Chambers and Gregory P. Nordin, "Stratified volume diffractive optical elements as high-efficiency gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1184-1193 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-16-5-1184

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