Spectrally resolved white-light interferometry was used to measure the wavelength dependence of refractive index (i.e., dispersion) for various ocular components. Verification of the technique’s efficacy was substantiated by accurate measurement of the dispersive properties of water and fused silica, which have both been well-characterized in the past by single-wavelength measurement of the refractive index. The dispersion of bovine and rabbit aqueous and vitreous humors was measured from 400 to 1100 nm. In addition, the dispersion was measured from 400 to 700 nm for aqueous and vitreous humors extracted from goat and rhesus monkey eyes. An unsuccessful attempt was also made to use the technique for dispersion measurement of bovine cornea and lens. The principles of white-light interferometry, including image analysis, measurement accuracy, and limitations of the technique, are discussed. In addition, alternate techniques and previous measurements of ocular dispersion are reviewed.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(170.3660) Medical optics and biotechnology : Light propagation in tissues
(170.4460) Medical optics and biotechnology : Ophthalmic optics and devices
(260.2030) Physical optics : Dispersion
(290.3030) Scattering : Index measurements
Daniel X. Hammer, Ashley J. Welch, Gary D. Noojin, Robert J. Thomas, David J. Stolarski, and Benjamin A. Rockwell, "Spectrally resolved white-light interferometry for measurement of ocular dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2092-2102 (1999)