A series of experiments were carried out to reveal determinants for the mode of color appearance by measuring the upper-limit luminance of a color chip for the surface-color mode. We used a CRT color monitor to present test and surround stimuli in the surface-color mode. The stimuli were composed of a three-by-three array of color chips on a gray background with a white frame. The observer increased the luminance of a center test color until it just ceased to appear in the surface-color mode. Our results show that this upper-limit luminance was different among test colors, but their brightnesses, calculated from the luminance and brightness/luminance values, were almost the same and were slightly below the brightness of the white frame. The existence of the surrounding color chips affected the results, but their sizes and spatial arrangements did not. When all of the luminances of the surrounds changed equally, the upper-limit luminances of the test colors for the surface-color mode appearance changed by the same ratio. This result indicates that the brightness of a target was a determinant for selecting the mode of color appearance and that the brightest surround stimulus acted as a cue for determining the judgment.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: December 22, 1999
Revised Manuscript: June 26, 2000
Manuscript Accepted: June 26, 2000
Published: November 1, 2000
Yasuki Yamauchi and Keiji Uchikawa, "Upper-limit luminance for the surface-color mode appearance," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1933-1941 (2000)