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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 17, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2000
  • pp: 641–650

Spatial summation in human cone mechanisms from 0° to 20° in the superior retina

Vicki J. Volbrecht, Erin E. Shrago, Brooke E. Schefrin, and John S. Werner  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 17, Issue 3, pp. 641-650 (2000)

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The maximum area of complete spatial summation (i.e., Ricco’s area) for human short-wavelength-sensitive- (S-) and long-wavelength-sensitive- (L-) cone mechanisms was measured psychophysically at the fovea and at 1.5°, 4°, 8°, and 20° along the vertical meridian in the superior retina. Increment thresholds were measured for three observers by a temporal two-alternative forced-choice procedure. Test stimuli ranging from -0.36 to 4.61 log area (min2) were presented on concentric 12.3° adapting and auxiliary fields, which isolated either an S- or an L-cone mechanism on the plateau of its respective threshold versus intensity function. Test flash durations were 50 and 10 ms for the S- and L-cone mechanisms, respectively. The data indicate that, from 0° to 20°, Ricco’s area increases monotonically for the L-cone mechanism, is variable for the S-cone mechanism, and is larger for the S-cone mechanism than for the L-cone mechanism for essentially all retinal locations. This pattern of results most likely reflects differences in ganglion cell density and changes in neural convergence with retinal eccentricity.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision
(330.5310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - photoreceptors

Original Manuscript: July 6, 1999
Revised Manuscript: October 29, 1999
Manuscript Accepted: November 3, 1999
Published: March 1, 2000

Vicki J. Volbrecht, Erin E. Shrago, Brooke E. Schefrin, and John S. Werner, "Spatial summation in human cone mechanisms from 0° to 20° in the superior retina," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 641-650 (2000)

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