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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 18, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2001
  • pp: 442–447

Vertical-cavity surface-emitting resonances in photonic crystal films

J. M. Pottage, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 18, Issue 2, pp. 442-447 (2001)

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It is shown that thin films of dielectric, etched through with a suitably chosen lattice of holes, can support surface-emitting vertical resonances with very-high-cavity Q factors (105 in the case of AlxGaAs1-x on oxidized AlyGaAs1-y). A Bloch-wave expansion is used to develop a complete vector-field analysis of these resonances and to reveal their underlying physics. Since they do not require multilayer mirrors, such resonators are a practical and simple replacement for conventional vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser structures. Other applications include wavelength-division-multiplexing components and highly sensitive gas detectors.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties

Original Manuscript: February 22, 2000
Manuscript Accepted: August 14, 2000
Published: February 1, 2001

J. M. Pottage, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, "Vertical-cavity surface-emitting resonances in photonic crystal films," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 442-447 (2001)

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  1. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, S. Kawakami, “Photonic crystals for micro lightwave circuits using wavelength-dependent angular beam steering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1370–1372 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. P. St. J. Russell, “Novel thick-grating beam-squeezing device in Ta2O5 corrugated planar waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 20, 72–73 (1984). [CrossRef]
  4. R. Zengerle, “Light propagation in single and doubly periodic planar waveguides,” J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1589–1617 (1987). [CrossRef]
  5. P. St, J. Russell, T. A. Birks, F. D. Lloyd-Lucas, “Photonic Bloch waves and photonic band gaps,” in Confined Electrons and Photons, E. Burstein, C. Weisbuch, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1995), pp. 585.
  6. P. St, J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, “Bound modes of two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides,” in Quantum Optics in Wavelength Scale Structures, J. G. Rarity, C. Weisbuch, eds. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1996).
  7. D. M. Atkin, P. St. J. Russell, T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, “Photonic band structure of guided Bloch modes in high index films fully etched through with periodic microstructure,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1035–1053 (1996). [CrossRef]
  8. V. N. Astratov, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De La Rue, “Resonant coupling of near-infrared radiation in photonic band structure waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2050–2057 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. P. St, J. Russell, T. A. Birks, “Bloch wave optics in photonic crystals: physics and applications,” in Photonic Band Gap Materials, C. M. Soukoulis ed., (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1996), pp. 71–91.
  10. P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic band-gaps,” Phys. World 5, 37–42 (1992).

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