OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 18, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2001
  • pp: 1300–1311

Adaptive optics with advanced phase-contrast techniques. II. High-resolution wave-front control

Eric W. Justh, Mikhail A. Vorontsov, Gary W. Carhart, Leonid A. Beresnev, and P. S. Krishnaprasad  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 18, Issue 6, pp. 1300-1311 (2001)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (624 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A wave-front control paradigm based on gradient-flow optimization is analyzed. In adaptive systems with gradient-flow dynamics, the output of the wave-front sensor is used to directly control high-resolution wave-front correctors without the need for wave-front phase reconstruction (direct-control systems). Here, adaptive direct-control systems with advanced phase-contrast wave-front sensors are analyzed theoretically, through numerical simulations, and experimentally. Adaptive system performance is studied for atmospheric- turbulence-induced phase distortions in the presence of input field intensity scintillations. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach for high-resolution adaptive optics.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1080) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Active or adaptive optics
(010.7350) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Wave-front sensing
(070.2580) Fourier optics and signal processing : Paraxial wave optics
(070.4340) Fourier optics and signal processing : Nonlinear optical signal processing
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement

Original Manuscript: April 7, 2000
Revised Manuscript: November 17, 2000
Manuscript Accepted: November 17, 2000
Published: June 1, 2001

Eric W. Justh, Mikhail A. Vorontsov, Gary W. Carhart, Leonid A. Beresnev, and P. S. Krishnaprasad, "Adaptive optics with advanced phase-contrast techniques. II. High-resolution wave-front control," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1300-1311 (2001)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. A. Vorontsov, E. W. Justh, Leonid A. Beresnev, “Adaptive Optics with advanced phase-contrast techniques: 1.High-resolution wave-front sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1289–1299 (2001). [CrossRef]
  2. V. P. Sivokon, M. A. Vorontsov, “High-resolution adaptive phase distortion suppression based solely on intensity information,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 234–247 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Vorontsov, “High-resolution adaptive phase distortion compensation using a diffractive-feedback system: experimental results,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2567–2573 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. R. A. Muller, A. Buffington, “Real-time correction of atmospherically degraded telescope images through image sharpening,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1200–1210 (1974). [CrossRef]
  5. T. R. O’Meara, “The multi-dither principle in adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 306–315 (1977). [CrossRef]
  6. M. A. Vorontsov, V. I. Shmalhauzen, Principles of Adaptive Optics (Nauka, Moscow, 1985).
  7. J. C. Spall, “A stochastic approximation technique for generating maximum likelihood parameter estimates,” in Proceedings of the American Control Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), pp. 1161-1167.
  8. G. Cauwenberghs, “A fast stochastic error-descent algorithm for supervised learning and optimization,” in Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, S. J. Hanson, J. D. Cowan, C. L. Giles, eds. (Morgan Kaufman, San Mateo, Calif., Vol. 5, pp. 244–251, 1993).
  9. M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, J. C. Ricklin, “Adaptive phase-distortion correction based on parallel gradient-descent optimization,” Opt. Lett. 22, 907–909 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. A. Vorontsov, V. P. Sivokon, “Stochastic parallel gradient descent technique for high-resolution wavefront phase distortion correction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2745–2758 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. B. M. ter Haar Romey, ed., Geometry-Driven Diffusion in Computer Vision (Kluwer-Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1994).
  12. IEEE Trans. Image Process. Special issue on partial differential equations and geometry-driven diffusion in image processing and analysis, IEEE Trans. Image Process. 7(3), (1998).
  13. M. A. Vorontsov, “Parallel image processing based on an evolution equation with anisotropic gain: integrated optoelectronic architectures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1623–1637 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. G. Cauwenberghs, M. A. Bayoumi, eds., Learning on Silicon (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1999).
  15. A. G. Andreou, K. A. Boahen, “Translinear circuits in subthreshold MOS,” Analog Integr. Circuits Signal Process. 9, 141–166 (1996). [CrossRef]
  16. L. C. Andrews, “An analytic model for the refractive index power spectrum and its application to optical scintillations in the atmosphere,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1849–1853 (1992). [CrossRef]
  17. A. S. Michailov, A. Yu. Loscutov, Foundation of Synergetics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
  18. D. L. Fried, “Branch point problem in adaptive optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2759–2768 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. D. L. Fried, “Statistics of a geometric representation of wavefront distortion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1427–1435 (1965). [CrossRef]
  20. C. A. Primmerman, T. R. Price, R. A. Humphreys, B. G. Zollars, H. T. Barclay, J. Hermann, “Atmospheric-compensation experiments in strong-scintillation conditions,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2081–2088 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. B. M. Levine, A. Wirth, H. DaSilva, F. M. Landers, S. Kahalas, T. L. Bruno, P. R. Barbier, D. W. Rush, P. Polak-Dingels, G. L. Burdge, D. P. Looze, “Active compensation for horizontal line-of-sight turbulence over near-ground paths,” in Broadband Networking Technologies, S. Civanlar, I. Widjaja, eds., Proc. SPIE3233, 221–232 (1998).
  22. F. Roddier, ed., Adaptive Optics in Astronomy (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1999), pp. 91–130.
  23. M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, G. Cauwenberghs, “Adaptive optics based on analog parallel stochastic optimization: analysis and experimental demonstration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1440–1453 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited