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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 18, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2001
  • pp: 1793–1803

Monochromatic aberrations of the human eye in a large population

Jason Porter, Antonio Guirao, Ian G. Cox, and David R. Williams  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 18, Issue 8, pp. 1793-1803 (2001)

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From both a fundamental and a clinical point of view, it is necessary to know the distribution of the eye’s aberrations in the normal population and to be able to describe them as efficiently as possible. We used a modified Hartmann–Shack wave-front sensor to measure the monochromatic wave aberration of both eyes for 109 normal human subjects across a 5.7-mm pupil. We analyzed the distribution of the eye’s aberrations in the population and found that most Zernike modes are relatively uncorrelated with each other across the population. A principal components analysis was applied to our wave-aberration measurements with the resulting principal components providing only a slightly more compact description of the population data than Zernike modes. This indicates that Zernike modes are efficient basis functions for describing the eye’s wave aberration. Even though there appears to be a random variation in the eye’s aberrations from subject to subject, many aberrations in the left eye were found to be significantly correlated with their counterparts in the right eye.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.4460) Vision, color, and visual optics : Ophthalmic optics and devices
(330.5370) Vision, color, and visual optics : Physiological optics
(330.7310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision

Original Manuscript: August 21, 2000
Revised Manuscript: January 2, 2001
Manuscript Accepted: January 2, 2001
Published: August 1, 2001

Jason Porter, Antonio Guirao, Ian G. Cox, and David R. Williams, "Monochromatic aberrations of the human eye in a large population," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1793-1803 (2001)

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