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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 20, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2003
  • pp: 1132–1137

Theoretical evaluation of the Brillouin threshold and the steady-state Brillouin equations in standard single-mode optical fibers

Sébastien Le Floch and Pierre Cambon  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 20, Issue 6, pp. 1132-1137 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.20.001132


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Abstract

We first use the nonlocalized, fluctuating source model for the stimulated Brillouin scattering to get the exact spectrum of the Stokes wave in optical fibers with attenuation loss. A new relation for the evaluation of the critical pump power (or Brillouin threshold) depending on the fiber length is then introduced, which should be more precise than the well-known Smith formula. Furthermore, we give for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, an approximate solution for standard steady-state Brillouin equations, which consists of two simple relations.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(120.6780) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Temperature
(290.5900) Scattering : Scattering, stimulated Brillouin

History
Original Manuscript: August 22, 2002
Revised Manuscript: December 23, 2002
Manuscript Accepted: December 23, 2002
Published: June 1, 2003

Citation
Sébastien Le Floch and Pierre Cambon, "Theoretical evaluation of the Brillouin threshold and the steady-state Brillouin equations in standard single-mode optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1132-1137 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-20-6-1132


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References

  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, London, 1995).
  2. R. W. Boyd, K. Rzazewski, “Noise initiation of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 5514–5521 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, “Stochastics dynamics of stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 3205–3210 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Le Floch, P. Cambon, “Study of Brillouin gain spectrum in standard single-mode optical fiber at low temperatures (1.4 K to 370 K) and high hydrostatic pressures (1 to 250 bars),” Opt. Commun. (to be published).
  5. M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, Ph. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode fibers” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842–1851 (1997). [CrossRef]
  6. R. G. Smith, “Optical power handling capacity of low loss optical fibers as determined by stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Opt. 11, 2489–2494 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Chen, X. Bao, “Analytical and numerical solutions for steady-state stimulated Brillouin scattering in a single-mode fiber,” Opt. Commun. 152, 65–70 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. C. L. Tang, “Saturation and spectral characteristics of the Stokes emission in the stimulated Brillouin process,” Appl. Phys. 37, 2945–2955 (1966). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Küng, “Laser emission in stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Ph.D. dissertation No. 1740 (Ecole Polytechnique Féderale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1997).

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