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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Vol. 20, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2003
  • pp: 1356–1370

Saccadic and perceptual performance in visual search tasks. II. Letter discrimination

Richard F. Murray, Brent R. Beutter, Miguel P. Eckstein, and Leland S. Stone  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 20, Issue 7, pp. 1356-1370 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.20.001356


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Abstract

Can the oculomotor system use shape cues to guide search saccades? Observers searched for target letters (D, U, or X) among distractors (the letter O in the discrimination task and blank locations in the detection task) in Gaussian white noise. We measured the accuracy of first saccadic responses on each trial and perceptual (i.e., button-press) responses in separate trials with the stimulus duration chosen so that the saccadic and perceptual processing times were matched. We calculated the relative efficiency of saccadic decisions compared with perceptual decisions, η<sub>rel</sub>=(d<sub>sac</sub><sup>′</sup>/d<sub>per</sub><sup>′</sup>)<sup>2</sup>. Relative efficiency was low but consistently greater than zero in discrimination tasks (15%±6%) and high in detection tasks (60%±10%). We conclude that the saccadic targeting system can use shape cues, but less efficiently than the perceptual system can.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.2210) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - eye movements
(330.4060) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision modeling
(330.5000) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - patterns and recognition
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics
(330.6100) Vision, color, and visual optics : Spatial discrimination
(330.7310) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision

Citation
Richard F. Murray, Brent R. Beutter, Miguel P. Eckstein, and Leland S. Stone, "Saccadic and perceptual performance in visual search tasks. II. Letter discrimination," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1356-1370 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-20-7-1356

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