Analytical expressions are derived for a new set of optical beams, in which the radial dependence is described by a sum of Bessel distributions of different orders, modified by a flat-topped Gaussian function expressed in the form 1 − [1 − exp(−ξ<sup>2</sup>)]<sup><i>M</i></sup>, where ξ is a dimensionless parameter and <i>M</i>(≥1) is a scalar quantity. The flat-topped Gaussian function can be readily expanded into a series of the lowest-order Gaussian modes with different parameters; this situation makes it possible to express the optical beam as a series of conventional Bessel–Gaussian beams of different orders. The propagation features of this new set of optical beams are investigated to reveal how a windowed Bessel beam passes progressively from a smooth Gaussian window toward the hard-edge limit.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
Yajun Li, Hungte Lee, and Emil Wolf, "New generalized Bessel–Gaussian beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 640-646 (2004)