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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2004
  • pp: 810–819

Spatially filtered wave-front sensor for high-order adaptive optics

Lisa A. Poyneer and Bruce Macintosh  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 21, Issue 5, pp. 810-819 (2004)

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Adaptive optics (AO) systems take sampled measurements of the wave-front phase. Because in the general case the spatial-frequency content of the phase aberration is not band limited, aliasing will occur. This aliasing will cause increased residual error and increased scattered light in the point-spread function (PSF). The spatially filtered wave-front sensor (SFWFS) mitigates this phenomenon by using a field stop at a focal plane before the wave-front sensor. This stop acts as a low-pass filter on the phase, significantly reducing the high-spatial-frequency content phase seen by the wave-front sensor at moderate to high Strehl ratios. We study the properties and performance of the SFWFS for open- and closed-loop correction of atmospheric turbulence, segmented-primary-mirror errors, and sensing with broadband light. In closed loop the filter reduces high-spatial-frequency phase power by a factor of 10 3 to 10 8 . In a full AO-system simulation, this translates to a reduction by up to 625 times in the residual error power due to aliasing over a specific spatial frequency range. The final PSF (generated with apodization of the pupil) has up to a 100 times reduction in intensity out to λ / 2 d .

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1080) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Active or adaptive optics
(010.7350) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Wave-front sensing

Original Manuscript: July 8, 2003
Revised Manuscript: December 1, 2003
Manuscript Accepted: December 1, 2003
Published: May 1, 2004

Lisa A. Poyneer and Bruce Macintosh, "Spatially filtered wave-front sensor for high-order adaptive optics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 810-819 (2004)

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