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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A

| OPTICS, IMAGE SCIENCE, AND VISION

  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 28, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2011
  • pp: 541–547

Extending “color constancy” outside the visible region

Sivalogeswaran Ratnasingam, Steve Collins, and Javier Hernández-Andrés  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 28, Issue 4, pp. 541-547 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.28.000541


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Abstract

In this paper, the results of an investigation of the possibility of extending “color constancy” to obtain illuminant-invariant reflectance features from data in the near-ultraviolet (UV) and near-infrared (IR) wavelength regions are reported. These features are obtained by extending a blackbody-model-based color constancy algorithm proposed by Ratnasingam and Collins [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 286 (2010)] to these additional wavelengths. Ratnasingam and Collins applied the model-based algorithm in the visible region to extract two illuminant-invariant features related to the wavelength-dependent reflectance of a surface from the responses of four sensors. In this paper, this model-based algorithm is extended to extract two illuminant-invariant reflectance features from the responses of sensors that cover the visible and either the near-UV or near-IR wavelength. In this investigation, test reflectance data sets are generated using the goodness–fitness coefficient (GFC). The appropriateness of the GFC for generating the test data sets is demonstrated by comparing the results obtained with these data with those obtained from data sets generated using the CIELab distance. Results based upon the GFC are then presented that suggest that the model-based algorithm can extract useful features from data from the visible and near-IR wavelengths. Finally, results are presented that show that, although the spectrum of daylight in the near UV is very different from a blackbody spectrum, the algorithm can be modified to extract useful features from visible and near-UV wavelengths.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.1690) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision
(330.1730) Vision, color, and visual optics : Colorimetry

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 4, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 26, 2011
Published: March 10, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 6, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Sivalogeswaran Ratnasingam, Steve Collins, and Javier Hernández-Andrés, "Extending “color constancy” outside the visible region," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 541-547 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-28-4-541


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