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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2012
  • pp: A247–A257

Context-dependent judgments of color that might allow color constancy in scenes with multiple regions of illumination

R. J. Lee and H. E. Smithson  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 29, Issue 2, pp. A247-A257 (2012)

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For a color-constant observer, a change in the spectral composition of the illumination is accompanied by a corresponding change in the chromaticity associated with an achromatic percept. However, maintaining color constancy for different regions of illumination within a scene implies the maintenance of multiple perceptual references. We investigated the features of a scene that enable the maintenance of separate perceptual references for two displaced but overlapping chromaticity distributions. The time-averaged, retinotopically localized stimulus was the primary determinant of color appearance judgments. However, spatial separation of test samples additionally served as a symbolic cue that allowed observers to maintain two separate perceptual references.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.1690) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision
(330.5020) Vision, color, and visual optics : Perception psychology
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics
(330.7320) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision adaptation

ToC Category:
Color in natural or complex scenes

Original Manuscript: September 2, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 18, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 2, 2011
Published: January 27, 2012

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R. J. Lee and H. E. Smithson, "Context-dependent judgments of color that might allow color constancy in scenes with multiple regions of illumination," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, A247-A257 (2012)

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