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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Journal of the Optical Society of America A


  • Editor: Franco Gori
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2012
  • pp: 313–320

Worldwide prevalence of red-green color deficiency

Jennifer Birch  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA A, Vol. 29, Issue 3, pp. 313-320 (2012)

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Literature that describes the prevalence of inherited red-green color deficiency in different populations is reviewed. Large random population surveys show that the prevalence of deficiency in European Caucasians is about 8% in men and about 0.4% in women and between 4% and 6.5% in men of Chinese and Japanese ethnicity. However, the male: female prevalence ratio is markedly different in Europeans and Asians. Recent surveys suggest that the prevalence is rising in men of African ethnicity and in geographic areas that have been settled by incoming migrants. It is proposed that founder events and genetic drift, rather than natural selection, are the cause of these differences.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(170.1610) Medical optics and biotechnology : Clinical applications
(170.4470) Medical optics and biotechnology : Ophthalmology
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.1720) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color vision

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

Original Manuscript: September 6, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 8, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 10, 2011
Published: February 16, 2012

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Jennifer Birch, "Worldwide prevalence of red-green color deficiency," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 313-320 (2012)

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